Frederick (UK) Frederick) is a city in the midwestern part of Maryland. It is the location of the county office of Frederick County, which is the largest in the county in Maryland. Frederick City is outside the statistical area of Washington, Arlington Alexandria, part of the Washington, Baltimore-North Virginia composite statistical area (straddles Delaware, Virginia, Maryland and West Virginia). According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 65,239, the second largest city after Baltimore in Maryland.
Council Street and City Hall in Central Town of Frederick
Location of Frederick County in Maryland (right) and Frederick City in Frederick County (left)
|region||52.9 km2 (20.4 mi2)|
|land||52.9 km2 (20.4 mi2)|
|water surface||0 km2 (0 mi2)|
|water area ratio||0%|
|Elevation||92 m (302 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||1134.6 people/km2 (2938.6 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Official website: |
Frederick has Frederick Municipal Airport, which is mainly used for general air transport, and Fort Detrick, the medical and bacterial warfare research facility of the United States Army, the largest employer in the county. He is also the second employer in the county, and one of the largest solar panel manufacturers BP Solar in Japan.
In 1745, 'Frederick Town' was planned by Daniel Durani (land speculator), a German migrant group who was led by Johann Thomas Schley (who died in 1790), the young Reformist School Principal from Rhineland Palatinate, Germany, and led by Johann Thomas Schrai (who died in 1790). Shurai, with his wife Maria Winz, came to the Maryland Colony. The first house in their town stood at the northwest corner of Middle Alley and East Patrick Street in the 20th century. The reclamation site was built on the bank of Carol Creek on the ground approved by Daniel Durney. Within three years, the reclaimed land became the district office of Frederick County. It is not clear why the name of the town of Frederick was named, but it is highly likely that the sixth Baron Baltimore Frederick Culvert, Frederick Lewis of Wales, and Frederick, King of Prussia, were the persons. Most historical materials support Frederick Culvert.
As the leader of the pioneer group, Shurai's first task was to establish the German Reformed Church (now called the Evangelical Reformed Church or the United Church of Christ), and to maintain the tradition of the German Reformed Church, which supports universal public education, he had the building function immediately as a public school. Late in the 18th century, many Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants (Dutch immigrants to the Pennsylvania colony) entered Frederick on their way to the West. Frederick was one stop on the German emigration route through the Great Valley (such as the Shenandoo Valley) to the Piedmont plateau in North Carolina in the west.
Frederick City has functioned as a major intersection since the colonial era. During the French Indian War, General Edward Braddock of the English army, passing through Frederick, went west and was ambushed by fate near Fort Dukeane. During the American Revolution, the British army stationed a regiment of Hessian (German mercenaries) in this town to control the crossing (its barracks still remain). The Shurai family was an activist during the American Revolution, and one ancestor was a military man family in Germany, which was said to have had a high rank in the Battle of Parma in 1714. Colonel George Jacob Shurai, one of the sons of Johann Thomas Shurai, served the Maryland army of the Army. After the war, the soldiers of the Hessian Regiment had no way of returning to their home country, so they stayed in town and married local people and strengthened their unity as Germans. Later, when President Thomas Jefferson ordered the construction of a Cumberland road from Baltimore to St. Louis, Missouri, the National Pike ran along Patrick Street in Frederick City.
Frederick grew from our place to an important market town, and during the third of the early 19th century, he produced minerals such as gold, copper, limestone, marble, and iron, and became one of the most famous mining areas in the United States. At the time of the American Revolution, Katctin Furness, who was already near the town of Cermont, was an important place in the iron manufacturing industry.
The first wave of Irish immigrants fleeing from the potato famine in Ireland entered Frederick City in 1846, and the leading member of the Shurai family married a Wilson family from Ireland. As a result, many of the Shurai converted to Catholics, and the residents of Frederick City first began to speak English at that time, though they had been speaking German. Throughout the 19th century, Frederick was known for his religious diversity, and one of its main streets, Church Street, was lined with six major churches. The St. John's Church, the main Catholic church, was built in 1800 and rebuilt in 1837 on Church Street in the north and 2 East Street (opposite Street), where it is now. These churches look down the town against Mt. Katkutten, the nearest ridge of the Appalachian Mountains. John Greenleaf Whittier, a poet of the anti-slavery movement, wrote this scene of Frederick in his poem to Barbara Fritchy. "Frederick's swarm of spire stands on Maryland with the green wall against his back."
since the Civil War
In order to position Frederick City as a major intersection, the town was the center of the Maryland campaign in the Civil War. During this time, both the Northern Army and the Southern Army passed through the town. In September 1862, the Southern Army's General Stonewall Jackson led the light infantry division through Frederick City and led them to the Battle of South Mountain and the Battle of Antitam. At this time, Barbara Fritchie, a resident of Pennsylvania Dutch, was sung in a poem by John Greenleaf Whittier. The 9th army of General Jesse Lee Reno of the Northern Army passed through the town a few days later than the Jackson army and headed for the Battle of Mt. South where Reno was killed.
The Schulai probably had a strong faith in militaristic patriotism from the German bloodline. During the Civil War, Major Henry Shurai, who was a cousin of Colonel Edward Shurai (died in 1857), served as a vice-official of General Lou Wallace of the Northern Camp at the age of 72. Wallace, along with William Sherman and Don Carlos Buell, was one of the important senior vice-ministers of General Ulysses Grant in the Battle of Shilo in 1862. In the Battle of Monocasi in 1864, General Wallace also fought the troops of General Jubal Arley of the Southern Army on the outskirts of Frederick. Dr. Fairfax Shurai, the son of Major Henry Shurai, became a prominent civil leader after the war, and became a leading advocate of establishing the Frederick County Agricultural Association and the Great Frederick Fair. His cousin, Admiral Winfield Scott Shurai, was a member of the U.S. Navy from 1860 to the Spanish-American War, and led the American Fleet that had won the Spanish Fleet in the Battle of Santiago in 1898. Jilmar Shurai served as the mayor of Frederick from 1919 to 1922, and the Shurai family remained one of the leading families of the city until the late 20th century. The son of Margaret Shurai, Nathaniel Wilson Shurai, was a well known banker of farmers and the State Bank of Machineers. Her wife, Mary Margaret Shrai, was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, a longtime leader of the Gardens Association, a lifetime member of the Frederick County Agricultural Association, and a patron and organizer (the other festival is held annually in Timmonium) at the Great Frederick Fair, one of the two major agricultural festivals in the state. His son, Donald Dilmer Shlay, worked with other council members of the Frederick County Agricultural Association such as John T. Best, Gordon Smith, Frank Stofer, Emons C. Saner, and in the late 1960s, he changed the fair night events, which had been on the decline, from the stage show in New York and the comedian show in Borschbelt to the country western performances. They first brought stars like Barbara Mandrel and Louise Mandrel, and later brought many famous country western stars such as Leaver McKintair, Lee Greenwood, Lian Lymes, Loretta Lyns, Sawyer Brown, Toby Keith, Kenny Chesney, Randy Travis, and George Jones to the site of the annual major country western festival. Shurai Avenue is a symbol of the Shurai family's role.
Frederick had already been inhabited by Jews since the 1740s, and Henry Lazarus and Levi Kohan entered this place as merchants. An organized Jewish society, consisting mainly of German Jewish immigrants, began to take shape in the middle of the 19th century, and Frederick Hebrew Aggregation was organized in 1858, but in 1919 it was reorganized under the name of Beth Sholm in order to cooperate with the old immigrants and the Eastern European Jews who arrived later. Another Christian group called Col Ami of Frederick was formed in 2003.
In 1905, Reverend E. B. Hatcher started the first Baptist church in Frederick.
In 1921, the first African-American high school was established in West All St. 170. Later, it was moved to Madison Street 250, and finally became South Frederick Eliminary. This building still remains and contains Lincoln Elementary School.
historic historic site
There are some historic sites of the Civil War in and outside Frederick City. President Abraham Lincoln delivered a civil war address at the current intersection of South Street and Market Street, which was then a train yard. A nameplate commemorates this speech. In the early morning of June 28, 1863, the residence of Prospect Hall in the present Butterfly Lane received a message from President Lincoln, and told Meade that General George Meade would be the commander of the Potomac army instead of the Hooker in response to the tragedy which General Joseph Hooker had suffered in Chancerisville in May before. In the weeks before the Battle of Gettysburg, the Potomac army, which had been lodged at Prospect Hall, departed from here and fought several great battles. The National Museum of the Civil War is located in the center of the city.
To the west of the U.S. National Route 40 detour, and to the west of Birkitsville, three battles that occurred in the Battle of South Mountain, namely the battle of Crunton Gap (September 14, 1862), Fox Gap and Turner Gap, were carried out, and the Southern Army led by Stonewall Jackson and Walker, failed to prevent the Northern Army from invading the Camberland Valley. There is a monument of war correspondent in Gainesland State Park in the Clampton Gap, just west of Barkitsville. The monument of General Jesse Reno, who died in the battle, is located on the south side of the U.S. National Route 40 detour, west of Midtown, just below the top of the Fox Gap.
Twenty-one miles southwest (34 km) of Frederick City, there is a historic Harpers Ferry that glares down the confluence of the Shenandoh and Potomac rivers. There was an important arsenal of federal forces here. In 1859, a crusader against slavery from Kansas occupied the arsenal, but was besieged and captured by the federal forces led by Robert E. Lee. On September 17, 1862, Shogun A. P. Hill of the Southern Army attacked the arsenal of Harpers Ferry and rearmed the troop. At one o'clock that afternoon, one of the cavalry arrived to tell him that the Lee army in Schaesburg was in a difficult situation, and Hill sent his men, 6,000, to march at twice the daily speed to rescue Antitam Lee. The Hill Division, which had managed to drive 17 miles (27 km) from Harpers Ferry to the battlefield in just three hours, had lost two-thirds of its power during this time due to heat stroke and sunstroke, and "by a hair's breadth," was in time to send back the Bernside troops of the Northern Army. The Barnside was about to cross the Bernside Bridge over Antitam Creek. In the vicinity of the Harpers Ferry, collectors still discover the relics of the Civil War, particularly in the Maryland Highlands, on the Maryland side of the Potomac River.
The ruins of the Monocasse battlefield are located just outside the city, and Antitam and Gettysburg are located about 35 miles (56 km) west and north, respectively.
According to legend, the home of Barbara Fryrichie, who ignored the Southern Army commander Stonewall Jackson and his troops when they marched into the center of Frederick City in 1862 and waved the Star Sparrow, is another important historic site. This legend is generally considered to be a fiction, but it is widely believed during the Civil War, and it was also composed in a 1864 poem by John Greenleaf Whittier, and the poem has been popular for decades since then. Barbara Fricky was an important figure in the history of Maryland, and was buried next to Governor Thomas Johnson and Francis Scott Kee, the songwriter of the United States anthem in the Mount O'Rivet cemetery in Frederick City.
Other prominent figures in the city of Frederick include John Hanson, the first chairman of the Confederate Convention under the Constitution, and Roger Tony, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, who called for debate after Red Scott's decision on the eve of the Civil War. Tony Avenue in the city is a memorial to him. In the Mount O'Rivet cemetery in Frederick City, Francis Scott Kee, the songwriter of the American National Anthem, "The Shining Flag of Stars" is sleeping. Tomás Sim Lee (1745-1819), who served two terms as Governor of Maryland, was buried in the All St. Church cemetery. Lee exerted an influence to make Maryland a state, and played an important role in completing the formation of the United States in 1781.
a famous house
The oldest house in Frederick City is thought to be Schaftstat, which was built in 1756 by Joseph Brunner, a German immigrant. It is now a Schafstett Architecture Museum.
In 1814, a famous ophthalmologist, Dr. John Tyler, built the famous Tyler Spite House (which means harassment by Spito) on 112 West Church Street, Frederick City, harassing Frederick City by preventing the city from passing through Ricode Street and through Tyler's land in the south to reach West Patrick Street. The Tyler Spy House is now the office of the Design Method Group.
Frederick City is located in Frederick County, western Maryland. It has functioned as a major intersection since the colonial era. Today, Inter-State Expressway Route 70 and 270, U.S. National Route 340, Route 40 and its detour, and Route 15 cross each other. The locations of the cities in the vicinity are 48 miles northwest (77 km) of Washington D.C., 49 miles west of Baltimore (78 km), 24 miles southeast of Heigerstown (38 km), and 71 miles southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (114 km).west longitude.
According to a 2004 report by the United States Census Bureau, the total area of the city was 20.4 square miles (52.9 km2), of which the land covers most of the land, and only the Monokasi River, the Carol Creek (flowing through the city, sometimes flooding occurs in the summer of 1972), and the small artificial lake Color Lake in the central town are located in the water area.
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
income and family
- median income
- Households: 47,700 US dollars
- Family: 56,778 US dollars
- Male: 38,399 US dollars
- Female: 27,732 US dollars
- Income per population: 23,053 US dollars
- below poverty line
- Population: 7.4%
- Number of Relatives: 4.8%
- Over 65 years of age: 6.8%
As of 2011, the City Executive Department, or the Mayor of Frederick, is Randy McClement.
Frederick City has a city council (one of its members is the mayor) consisting of six members and acts as a legislative body. Elections are held every four years. The current members were elected on 3 November 2009.
Frederick City is famous for its historic central town's skyline of the "Swarm of Spires". The spire is also depicted in the city emblem and other logos and emblems related to many other cities.
In Frederick City, there is a bridge covered with murals called "Community Bridge." Painter William Cochrane was praised for his painting's realism. Many people sent ideas to create a society that is expressed in the stone of the bridge. From the people of Frederick City, the bridge came to be called 'Hekiga' (wall paintings), 'Egara no Hashi' (Bridge with pictures), or more commonly 'Hekiga no Hashi' (Bridge of wall paintings).
The Frederick Art Council is an art organization recognized in Frederick County. The organization is involved in promoting, supporting and advocating the arts, and is a prosperous society in the city. There are over 10 galleries in Frederick Central Town, and three theaters are located within 50 feet (15 meters) of each other (Center for Cultural Art, Weinberg Art, Maryland Ensemble Theater). The Maryland Shakespeare Festival is held in Frederick City.
In August 2007, the streets of Frederick City were decorated with 30 keys made of human-sized glass fibers as part of a large public art project titled "Keys to Frederick."
In October 2007, the artist William Cochran created a large-scale glass work titled "Yume" . The film is on the eastern side of Francis Scott Kee's apartment in Frederick City Center.
The Frederick City has a professional theater company, the Maryland Ensemble Theater, which occupies the lower story of the Francis Scott Key Hotel. The theater company gave its first performance in 1997, but as a theater group, it gave a short play of comedy pigs in April 1993.
There is also a city orchestra, Frederick Symphony Orchestra, which holds five concerts each year consisting of classic masterpieces. Other music organizations include the Frederick Choral Group, the Frederick Choral Art Association, the Frederick Regional Youth Orchestra and the Frederick Symphonics Band.
In Frederick City, there is a Frederick Children's Choir that has fostered young choral singers since 1985. This is a choral team consisting of about 150 members from the age of five to eighteen.
For 30 minutes from noon every Sunday every week, a recital of Carillon is being held at Joseph Dill Baker Carillon. Carillon can be heard anywhere in Baker Park, and you can see citizen carillonists playing at this time in an open tower.
The Frederick Classical Valley School is the official game for the Maryland Community Valley. There are about 30 dance studios in the city. You will have an opportunity to appear in these studios at the annual dance festival.
Frederick City has several progressive organizations, such as the Frederick County Peace Resources Center, the Branch of Wymin in Black, and the Frederick Progressive Action Federation, Frederick Puck.
Frederick City is licensed by WFPT 62 (PBS/MPT), the Maryland Public Television Network.
The city has WFMD (930AM, news, talk, sports), WFRE (99.9FM, country music), and WAFY (103.1FM, Adult Affairs) radio stations.
The Frederick News Post paper is published in Frederick City.
- The High A Minor League Baseball team, owned by Frederick Keys and Baltimore Orioles. Keyes, named after Francis Scott Quay, a Frederick citizen, played at Harry Grab Stadium.
- Frederick Flying Dogs', an adult amateur baseball team from the Midpro Baseball League in central Maryland. The Flying Dogs were named after the Flying Dog Brewery, a local brewery, which was the original sponsor.
The Frederick County Public Education Committee runs a local public school.
High school in Frederick:
- Frederick High School
- Thomas Johnson High School
- Ringanoa High School
- Tuscarola High School
Other public schools: Adult Education Vocational Technology Center, Hetherridge School, Outdoor School, Rock Creek School and Earth and Space Science Research Institute
private high school
- St. John Catholic Reserve (in Prospect Hall)
- New Life Christian School
- Frederick Christian Academy
- banner school
- Maryland School of the Deaf
- Frederick Christian Academy
- New Life Christian School
college and university
- Frederick Community College
- Hood College
From 1896 to 1961, the Heigerstown and Frederick Railway, an inter-urban streetcar, ran in Frederick City, and it remained as a system of this kind in the United States of America until the end.
Recently, the MARC Commuter Railway runs in the city and runs several trains a day up to Washington, D.C. Express bus routes 991 and a series of bus services that run to Shadi Grab Metro Rail station are operated by Frederick Transit Service.
Frederick City has a Frederick Municipal Airport, with a runway 1 mile (1.6 km) and a second runway 3,600 feet (1.1 km). It is the headquarters of the Association of Aircraft Owners and Pilots to be near Washington and to handle small two-jet aircraft.
a well known resident and native of Frederick City
- Joe Alexander (1986-) - Basketball player, designated as All Big East and All-American All-Time Winner in 2007
- Michael Beasley (1989-) - Basketball player, NCAA Year Excellence (2007-08), Miami Heat is second in NBA Draft in 2008
- Shadlak Bond (1773-1832): First governor of Illinois
- Lester Bowie (1941-1999), a jazz trumpet player, an improviser, and a historic black community named Barnsville. The Bowie family has long roots in the Linganoa Bernsville area in Frederick County. buried in Barnsville
- Chuck Foreman - Born in Frederick, the running-back of the NFL, Judy's high school football, basketball, and track and field event-winning.
- Barbara Fricky (1766-1862): It is said that when Stonewall Jackson, a patriot during the Civil War, a commander of the Southern Army, and his troops marched into the center of Frederick City in 1862, they ignored this and waved the Star Spade Flag from the window. The Southern Army was on their way to the Battle of South Mountain and the Battle of Antitam.
- David Gallaher (June 5, 1975 -) - Author and second Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar are set in Frederick, 1950s. He was also a graduate of Hood College.
- Sean Hatsy (December 29, 1975) - Actor
- Bruce Ivins (1946-2008) - A scientist in Fort Detrick who is said to have been the sole perpetrator of the American Anthrax case in 2001
- Bradley Tyler Johnson (1829-1903) - military, lawyer, and politician
- Thomas Johnson (1732-1819): A well known lawyer, a statesman during and after the War of Independence, the first governor of Maryland. In his later years, he lived in Frederick with his daughter Ann and her husband Rose Hill Manor. The high school built on the site was named Thomas Johnson High School.
- Francis Scott Key (1779-1843), a lawyer, a lyricist of the United States National Anthem, was buried in the Mount O'Rivet cemetery in Frederick. The family grave is adjacent to Thomas Johnson and Barbara Fritchy
- Terence Morris (January 11, 1979 -) - NBA basketball player from Thomas Johnson High School
- John Nelson, Attorney General of the United States of America (1843-1845), Member of the United States House of Representatives (1821-1823) from Maryland, born in Frederick in 1791.
- Winfield Scott Shree (1839-1911): Born in Richfields, close to Frederick, who was the admiral of the United States Navy and served from the Civil War to the American War
- Roger Tony (1777-1864) — Judge, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1836-1864), and in 1857, Red Scott v. Sanford
- Charles Schreiber Rifsnyder (1875-1958): He was the Bishop of the North Tokyo District of the Japan Episcopal Church and the Prime Minister of the Rikkyo Gakuin.
- Schefferstadt, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
- Germany, Rhineland Palatinate, Merzheim
- Brazil, Seara, Aquilas
- ^ "Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Maryland, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". U.S. Census Bureau. Read on August 22, 2008.
- ^ See for example the Overall history of Frederick, pp 2-6.
- ^ "Fort Frederick State Park History". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Archived from original as of October 5, 2007. Read on October 7, 2007.
- ^ "Frederick, Maryland". Maryland Municipal League. Read on October 9, 2007.
- ^ Calvin E. Schildknecht, Draft Genealogy (and supporting documents): Thomas and Margaret Schley and Some of Their Descendents. August, 1991: 135 Doubleday Avenue, Gettysburg, PA, 17325. Including the files of the late Jacob Mehrling Holdcraft and the files of the late Judge Edward S. Delaplaine, compiled with the assistance of Mary Ann Frank; p. 5
- ^ Schildknecht, above, p. 5.
- ^ J. Thomas Scharf, History of Western Maryland, Vol. I, Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts, 1882, p. 629.
- ^ "St. John the Evangelist, Roman Catholic Church - Frederick, Maryland". Archived from original as of December 12, 2007. Viewed on December 16, 2007.
- ^ Dana, Charles Anderson, ed. (1879). The Household Book of Poetry. D. Appleton. pp. 381-382
- ^ J. Thomas Scharf, History of Western Maryland, Vol. I, Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts, 1882, pp. 418-19
- ^ George Edward Graham, Schley and Santiago, Chicago: W. B. Conkey, 1902.
- ^ For example, cf. the Fair's website and its calendar of past events: http://www.thegreatfrederickfair.com/1997/events.htm
- ^ Williams, N. (April 29, 1990) Los Angeles Times This Maryland House was built just for spite. Section: travel; Page 14. Location: Tyler Spite House, 112 W Church St, Frederick, MD 21701.
- ^ A Matter of Spite
- ^ "DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data Geographic Area: Frederick city, Maryland". Census 2000 Gateway. Read on January 6, 2008.
- ^ "QT-P1. Age Groups: 2000 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data Geographic Area: Frederick city, Maryland". Census 2000 Gateway. Read on January 6, 2008.
- ^ "DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 4 (SF 4) - Sample Data Geographic Area: Frederick city, Maryland". Census 2000 Gateway. Read on January 6, 2008.
- Early History of the Frederick County Jail
- Thematic Histories of Frederick: Overview history of Frederick
- Official city government website
- Official county website
- Frederick News-Post
- Information site on Community Bridge
- Frederick Maryland Online blog
- FredRocks.net events and activities social network
- Frederick Peace Resource Center
- Schifferstadt Architectural Museum
- Frederick, Maryland - DMOZ
- Memorials, monuments, statues & other outdoor art in & around Frederick
- Frederick County Public Schools